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Cognitive and environmental predictors of academic skills in French middle school students

Abstract : This dissertation aimed at providing a greater understanding of what fosters or hampers the acquisition of academic skills in children. To do so, we have conducted a series of studies using longitudinal data from two French cohorts, the EDEN cohort and the DEPP Panel 2007, assessing the relative influences of a wide variety of factors on diverse aspects of academic achievement in middle school. First, we studied the extent of the association between intelligence and academic skills in France. We assessed the strength of this relationship, as well as the socio-economic and conative influences on academic skills and their progression beyond the role of IQ. We further investigated the relationship between IQ and academic achievement among intellectually gifted student. Second, we digged into one component of academic skills, numeracy, examining its preschool predictors. We assessed the relative predictive power of cognitive, socio-emotional and environmental factors on arithmetic skills as well as their mediation relationships; and investigated the differential cognitive predictors of addition, subtraction and multiplication. Third, we similarly studied the preschool cognitive, socio-emotional and environmental influences on the acquisition of different literacy skills, and their mediating relationships. Fourth and last, we examined sex differences in both literacy and numeracy, assessing the influence of evaluation characteristics on these gaps. The results of these studies provide valuable insights into the mechanisms underlying the acquisition of academic skills in France, and have practical implications for practitioners and actors in the education sphere.
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Submitted on : Tuesday, October 12, 2021 - 2:51:24 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, November 17, 2021 - 12:29:40 PM


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  • HAL Id : tel-03375054, version 1


Ava Guez. Cognitive and environmental predictors of academic skills in French middle school students. Psychology. Sorbonne Université, 2020. English. ⟨NNT : 2020SORUS240⟩. ⟨tel-03375054⟩



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