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Dysbiosis of fish gut microbiota is associated with helminths parasitism rather than exposure to PAHs at environmentally relevant concentrations

Abstract : Abstract Although parasite infection and pollution are common threats facing wild populations, the response of the gut microbiota to the joint impact of these stressors remains largely understudied. Here, we experimentally investigated the effects of exposure to Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons (PAHs) and infection by a common acanthocephalan intestinal parasite ( Pomphorhynchus sp. ) on the gut microbial flora of a freshwater fish, the European chub ( Squalius cephalus ). Naturally infected or uninfected individuals were exposed to PAHs at environmentally realistic concentrations over a five-week period. Characterization of the gut bacterial community through 16S rRNA gene amplicon sequencing revealed that parasitic infection was a more structuring factor of bacterial diversity and composition than PAH exposure. Specifically, chub infected by Pomphorhynchus sp. harbored significantly less evenly represented gut bacterial communities than the uninfected ones. In addition, substantial changes in sequence abundance were observed within the main bacterial phyla, including the Firmicutes , Fusobacteriota , Actinobacteriota , and Proteobacteria . Again, these compositional changes correlated with host infection with Pomphorhynchus sp. , confirming its pivotal role in gut microbial assemblage. Overall, these results highlight the importance of defining the parasitic status of individuals when conducting microbial ecotoxicological analyses at the digestive tract level, as this should lead to better understanding of microbiota modulations and help to identify microbial markers specifically associated with chemicals.
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https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-03710941
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Soumis le : mardi 12 juillet 2022 - 08:32:24
Dernière modification le : mercredi 28 septembre 2022 - 16:20:11

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Yannick Colin, Noëlie Molbert, Thierry Berthe, Simon Agostini, Fabrice Alliot, et al.. Dysbiosis of fish gut microbiota is associated with helminths parasitism rather than exposure to PAHs at environmentally relevant concentrations. Scientific Reports, Nature Publishing Group, 2022, 12 (1), pp.11084. ⟨10.1038/s41598-022-15010-2⟩. ⟨hal-03710941⟩

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