Accéder directement au contenu Accéder directement à la navigation
Article dans une revue

Scientific Challenges in the Risk Assessment of Food Contact Materials

Abstract : BACKGROUND: Food contact articles (FCAs) are manufactured from food contact materials (FCMs) that include plastics, paper, metal, glass, and printing inks. Chemicals can migrate from FCAs into food during storage, processing, and transportation. Food contact materials' safety is evaluated using chemical risk assessment (RA). Several challenges to the RA of FCAs exist. OBJECTIVES: We review regulatory requirements for RA of FCMs in the United States and Europe, identify gaps in RA, and highlight opportunities for improving the protection of public health. We intend to initiate a discussion in the wider scientific community to enhance the safety of food contact articles. DISCUSSION: Based on our evaluation of the evidence, we conclude that current regulations are insufficient for addressing chemical exposures from FCAs. RA currently focuses on monomers and additives used in the manufacture of products, but it does not cover all substances formed in the production processes. Several factors hamper effective RA for many FCMs, including a lack of information on chemical identity, inadequate assessment of hazardous properties, and missing exposure data. Companies make decisions about the safety of some food contact chemicals (FCCs) without review by public authorities. Some chemical migration limits cannot be enforced because analytical standards are unavailable. CONCLUSION: We think that exposures to hazardous substances migrating from FCAs require more attention. We recommend a) limiting the number and types of chemicals authorized for manufacture and b) developing novel approaches for assessing the safety of chemicals in FCAs, including unidentified chemicals that form during or after production.
Type de document :
Article dans une revue
Liste complète des métadonnées

https://hal-ens.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-03573571
Contributeur : UAR 3608 République des savoirs Connectez-vous pour contacter le contributeur
Soumis le : lundi 14 février 2022 - 17:31:15
Dernière modification le : vendredi 5 août 2022 - 12:36:04
Archivage à long terme le : : dimanche 15 mai 2022 - 19:35:33

Fichier

EHP644.pdf
Fichiers éditeurs autorisés sur une archive ouverte

Identifiants

Collections

Citation

Jane Muncke, Thomas Backhaus, Birgit Geueke, Maricel V Maffini, Olwenn Viviane Martin, et al.. Scientific Challenges in the Risk Assessment of Food Contact Materials. Environmental Health Perspectives, National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences, 2017, 125 (9), pp.095001. ⟨10.1289/EHP644⟩. ⟨hal-03573571⟩

Partager

Métriques

Consultations de la notice

4

Téléchargements de fichiers

4